Clearly, the title bar says Expedition 9. Below that are the main graphics which include the Soyuz launch vehicle which will get the crew there, and an eagle and flags which together form a cross. Together, the Soyuz and the eagle/flag cross for a Roman Numeral IX, or 9.
To the right of the Soyuz s a depiction of the Earth, Moon, Mars and the stars which represents a progression of achievement in spaceflight.
The Space station is nestled in the top part of the X. Pretty straightforward.
But it’s the number of stars on the eagle which has be confused. I can identify four groups of stars. The first row of 7 includes the Star of David which is obviously a memorial to the Columbia crew. Then a group of three stars which is probably for Apollo 1. At the bottom part of the eagles wings are another 7 stars, probably for the Challenger crew. But between these is a group of 5 red stars, which I had guessed are in honour of Russians who had perished in missions. I can only find the names of four, including Komarov, Dobrovolsky, Patsayev and Volkov. Perhaps the fifth is for Gagarin who kinda died in a military mission. I think I’ll have to wait for this explanation.
The eagle is carrying a scroll in its talons, wrapped in an alternating Red/White/Blue and White/Blue/Red trim representing the American, Dutch and Russian flags.
The upper part of the eagles wing has some coloured feathers. I don’t know what these colours represent.
At the bottom the crew members names surround the Astronaut symbol.
To my mind there is too much on this patch. I still say the best patch was Expedition 1, because it was very simple and didn’t try to say too much.